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Of the Fed's three options available today (do nothing, engage in QE3, extend Operation Twist), it has chosen the diplomatic route. It appears the Fed was concerned that if it took the path of using only language to indicate support it could rock a fragile global financial system. Given that emergency aid could not be justified, QE3 was out of the question at the present time. The Fed has chosen an extension of Operation Twist as it provides insurance and has fewer avenues of criticism. The Fed indicated that an extension of maturities of its Treasury security holdings will not expire as of June but will remain in place until the end of 2012. The expectation is that this action would exert downward pressure on long term interest rates.
The Fed lowered its forecast of GDP, raised the unemployment rate, and reduced inflation for the forecast period (2012-2014) compared with the projections published in April (see table below).
The FOMC also updated its predictions about the course of the federal funds rate for the forecast period. In April, roughly 24% of the FOMC (voting and non-voting members) deemed it appropriate to hold the federal funds rate at the current level in 2014, while in the latest projection nearly 32% predicted an unchanged federal funds rate in 2014. The median and mode of the federal funds rate (0.25%) for 2012 and 2013 were unchanged from the April projection, but the median forecast of the federal funds rate for 2014 dropped to 0.50% in todays summary of projections from 1.00% in the April publication. The high for the federal funds rate in 2014 is 3.00%, slightly higher than the 2.75% forecast presented in April.
In the policy statement, the Fed moved away from indicating that it would review the size and composition of its securities holdings and it prepared to adjust these holdings, to the Committee is prepared to take further action as appropriate to promote a stronger economic recovery and sustained improvement of labor market conditions in a context of price stability.
The labor market was depicted to be showing improving conditions in the April policy statement; the Fed stated today that employment growth has slowed. The unemployment rate was seen to have declined but remained elevated in the April policy statement, this rendition was changed to one of more concern by eliminating the downward trend of the jobless rate. Household spending is now viewed to be growing at a slower pace than previously. The housing sectors description was not changed, it continues to be seen as depressed despite improvements. The downside risk from global financial strains was not changed in todays statement. Inflation is predicted to hover around levels considered consistent with price stability.