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The real gross domestic product of the US economy grew at annual rate of 1.7% in the second quarter, slightly higher than the original estimate of a 1.5% increase. Stronger growth in consumer spending, a smaller trade gap, and an upward revision of government outlays more than offset reductions in business investment outlays and residential investment expenditures to result in a higher estimate of GDP for the second quarter. As a result of the revisions, final sales increased at an annual rate of 2.0% in the second quarter, previously reported as a 1.2% gain. (Details of GDP data are available here).
Todays report includes corporate profits for the second quarter, which moved up 0.5% on a quarter-to-quarter basis reversing the decline seen in the first quarter (-2.7%). The trend growth of corporate profits appears to have settled in the single-digit range (+6.1% in 2012:Q2) driven by operations of domestic firms. Corporate profits from the rest of the world fell 3.3% from a year ago but they eked out a gain on a quarterly basis (+4.8%).
Going forward, real GDP is projected to grow around 2.0% in the second-half of the year, matching the performance seen in the first-half of the year. This sub-par pace of economic growth has held back hiring in the economy. Bernankes speech on August 31 is expected to address whether additional monetary policy changes could steer the economy toward a stronger momentum and lift employment.
In related economic news, the latest Pending Home Sales Index (PHSI) of the National Association of Realtors supports expectations of an increase in home sales in the August-September period as it is a leading indicator. The PHSI of July moved up 2.4% after a 1.4% decline in June. Bernankes remarks on the housing sector in the upcoming speech will be insightful given that recent housing sector data point to improving conditions.