Today, and over the foreseeable future, a series of events — call them global megatrends — will have a profound impact on the world economy. Each issue of Point of View will share insight into these trends and how the institutional investment community is preparing to address them.
To maximize excess return and manage their liabilities, investors are shifting more of their allocations from equity holdings to alternative investments and strategies, as well as to fixed-income immunization strategies. Investors are also shaving costs through index funds and exchange-traded funds.
In 2005, the trend toward fixed-income immunization strategies was most evident in Japan and Europe. In Japan, fixed-income allocations represented more than half of institutional assets in 2005, up from a third in 2002.
Since 2000, U.S. pension plans’ allocations to domestic equity fell to 44.9% of assets in 2005, from 47.4% in 2000. At the same time, allocations to alternative asset classes are growing.
U.S. Investors Eye Lower-Cost ETFs
Total assets invested in exchange-traded funds have risen between 20% and 25% per year in the five years ended 2004.
Private Equity Commitments Soar
Private equity fund commitments climbed to $155.2 billion in 2005, from $31.7 billion in 1995.
U.S. foundations and endowments are leading the trend in the shift toward sophisticated alternative asset classes, such as hedge funds, real estate investment trusts, commodities and derivatives.
Source: Greenwich Associates’ 2006 U.S. Investment Management Research Study
In Europe, the Netherlands is leading the shift to fixed income strategies, with nearly two-thirds of pension fund holdings in bonds in 2005.