Sideways Trend of Housing Starts Reflects Underlying Soft Labor Market SituationNovember 17, 2011
by Asha Bangalore
by Asha Bangalore
Builders broke ground to construct new single-family homes (+3.9%) in October, but starts of multi-family units slipped 8.3%. Total housing starts fell slightly (-0.3%) to an annual rate of 628,000 in October. The important point to note is that total and single-family starts of new homes continue to hover around levels seen in the past recession (see Chart 1), which are also historical lows. Starts of single-family units stood at 430,000 in October 2011 vs. 353,000 in March 2009 (historical low). Permits issued for new homes rose 5.1%, while it climbed 24.4% for multi-family units. Unlike in prior post-war recessions, the housing sector is not one of the drivers of economic growth, as yet.
Although the homeowner vacancy rate has dropped to 2.4% in the third quarter from a high of 2.9% in the fourth quarter of 2008 (see Chart 2). The elevated level of the homeowner vacancy rate is a deterrent of new construction, in addition to the soft employment situation.
The sluggish pace of GDP growth in the recovery and severely weak conditions of hiring have held back household formation in the three years ended 2010. The historical average for new household formation is 1.236 million households per year. During 2008, 2009, and 2010, the increase in households was 414,000, 624,000 and 581,000, respectively, which is well short of the historical average (see Chart 3) for three straight years. In other words, until employment conditions show robust monthly gains for an extended period, the demand for homes is expected to be tepid.
Initial Jobless Claims Improvement is Small but Notable
Initial jobless claims fell 5,000 to 388,000 during the week ended November 12. Initial jobless claims have dropped during four out of the last six weeks and they are close to the low of 375,000 for 2011 registered during the week ended February 26 (see Chart 4). The initial jobless claims reading of the latest week is a noteworthy improvement. However, larger declines are necessary to say with confidence that the labor market has crossed the threshold of concern.
Continuing claims, which lag initial jobless claims by one week, fell to 3.608 million from 3.665 million in the prior week. This reading is the lowest since October 4, 2008. It is a significant development but it is not clear if this represents a situation where the eligibility for unemployment insurance has expired.